8. Deduction
From Clear Thinking by R W Jepson

DEDUCTION means using a general rule by applying it to particular cases. It is thus the reverse process to Induction; Induction moves from a number of particulars to a generalisation, Deduction from the generalisation to the particulars. Although for the purposes of convenience we treat each separately, they are really complementary; deduction is impossible without previous induction, and induction is of no particular value unless it is followed by deduction. In fact, we can only arrive at the meaning of a general statement by applying it to particular cases, and we can never be sure what a general statement implies until we have seen what conclusions it is possible to draw from it.

General Statements And Their Immediate Implications
Syllogistic Reasoning
Some Arguments Analysed
Drawing The Line
Dilemmas
Questions
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