A civilisation is a communal understanding that upholds its beliefs by inflicting violence upon any dissenting citizen (justice) or community (war). A group of communities cannot create a shared understanding because they do not share the same basic morality, which makes their different understandings incompatible. In attempting to assert its own beliefs each community will inevitably clash with the others, and the stronger community will dominate. Hence:
Organizations that attempt to represent a group of different cultures, such as the United Nations, cannot resolve cultural clashes and must fail.
Once a community declines it is only a matter of time before it becomes too feeble to resist the demands of other communities who will overrun and extinguish the dissolving community.
A communal understanding is the single understanding formed by a group of a race of people who, inspired by similar experiences, share the same beliefs about right-and-wrong and true-and-false. That is, they share morality and knowledge, so forming a single understanding that exists as a common tradition made up of language, manners, customs, laws and institutions: a community. (see the simple example of the Boer community)
Communal understanding is superior to individual understanding because it is not constrained by human anatomy but is practically unlimited in scope and duration.
The character, or personality, of a communal understanding is its culture.
A communal understanding recreates itself by each generation imbuing their offspring with the communityʼs tradition.
A communal understanding exists in one of two modes; it is either:
blossoming—refining and extending its tradition (wisdom), revealed by the improving clarity of the general use of language, which wins increasing wealth through increasingly powerful technology used to achieve the sensible aims suggested by religion: so creating a Heaven on earth. OR
shrivelling— corrupting and discarding its tradition (wisdom), revealed by the loss of clarity in the general use of language, which obtains decreasing wealth through increasingly less powerful technology used to pursue the silly aims demanded by the superstition won by the loss of wisdom: so creating a Hell on earth.
The mode (Blossoming or Shrivelling) of a communal understanding is a result of the sanity of the majority of citizens, who are either:
Unselfish (sane) and prepared to sacrifice private interest for the common good. OR
Selfish (insane) and prepared to sacrifice the common good for private interest.
The community Blossoms (gains wisdom) when the majority of citizens are unselfishORShrivells (loses wisdom) when the majority of citizens are selfish.
the majority persecute the minority. the majority will always treat the minority as outcasts, forcing them to become isolated and alienated. In the vital mode the selfish win social stigma, in the dissolute mode the unselfish are viewed as simpletons.
All communities have a life-cycle: they rise to a prime then decline into senility. This is because the mechanism the community uses to recreate itself—imbuing its children with tradition—is not perfect; it not only creates unselfish citizens who revere the beliefs of their parents, but also a few selfish citizens who do not revere the beliefs of their parents. Over time, as every selfish citizen must fail to continue the tradition of the community, the community must gain an increasing number of citizens who are selfish and lacking tradition. When the number of selfish citizens becomes the majority then the community stops waxing and starts waning.
The Start of Decline, which is the onset of the next Dark Age, is marked by two symptoms, with the appearance of one being followed by the appearance of the other:
A Class War for this is when the selfish violently wrest power from the traditional ruler and place it in the hands of the declared agents of the selfish majority. This is a reversal of authority for it stops being the master but becomes the servant of its charges. Government stops being guided by tradition but starts being tyrannised by popular notions so replacing sensible with irrational rule.
A Golden Age of Literature When previous traditional restraints of what can be said and who can say it, are discarded so allowing an initial blossoming of the arts, especially literature. However, this discarding of tradition is also the discarding of the rules governing the use of language, which henceforth steadily loses accuracy and clarity.
In England the Civil War (1642–1651), forcing Monarchy to become a servant of the Parliament, preceded their Golden Age of Literature (1660–1780); while in France their Golden Age of Literature (17th Century) preceded the French Revolution (1789), which replaced Monarchy with popular rule.
Decline Ensues and from this time the community enters an irreversible decline where it becomes progressively sillier and weaker (Senile) though officially there is no change. Under the influence of selfish citizens, the restraints upon personal behaviour demanded by the duty revealed by tradition, are progressively discarded along with tradition. Each successive generation becomes less restrained and more impatient of restraint so shedding more tradition, hence more duty. But as duty is essential for communal existence, identity and purpose, what is being shed is the understanding of the community, and is communal suicide. This is revealed by:
The Retreat From Reason—as understanding is founded upon morality which is being discarded by the community, the ability to think clearly is also being discarded.
The Suppression of Truth—Selfish citizens are not concerned with self-sacrifice but self-aggrandisement, so the demands of duty are ignored in the pursuit of private gain. As the aim of duty is public good, this is what suffers to supply profit to the selfish. Such behaviour can only be maintained by the cloak of deceit, which makes truth an anathema to the selfish.
The Embracing of Delusion—Unrestrained by truth or reason, individuals (and their community) are unable to resist their fears and fancies which become the inspiration for widespread absurd beliefs: superstition.
The Shrinking From Resolute Action—Selfishness prevents the private sacrifice demanded to endure in the face of adversity, so preventing individuals and the community from showing determination and perseverance. This makes the whole community timid and unable to overcome difficulties.
The Exchange of Justice for Tyranny—the courts stop upholding the notions of justice revealed by tradition, but start enforcing the irrational tyranny demanded by popular fad. This change is signaled by an explosion of legislation which reveals the transfer of public stigma from the immoral to the statute breaker: from the unmarried mother to the woman who smokes a cigarette in the office (2004).
Anarchy Prevails—because a sense of duty, which is revealed by tradition, is what restrains citizens’ immediate physical desires so allowing the public harmony that is the essential cement of any group. Once tradition is discarded by the self-seekers, so is duty, hence order.
Communal Identity is lost as traditional reverence for communal racial character is discarded.
Dark Ages:'The absence of a sane community': a time when there is no sane community anywhere, which wins the replacement of science & duty with superstition & hysteria, so rendering the civilisation senile and unable to prevent barbarian war bands [Terrorists] from becoming the new rulers of humanity. Thus, returning existence to a primitive state, where life is short, harsh and miserable.
Re-Birth: a new civilisation can arise from the collapse of an old civilisation when:
Life has to become so harsh that it prevents the creation of spoilt (selfish) children so over time the majority of selfish citizens are replaced by unselfish citizens.
Some event forces the abandonment of the existing corrupt traditions set by the collapse of civilisation, which cripple the community of now unselfish, so dutiful, citizens.