In Background 1 from "Preface To Poetry"

For earlier indications of the distrust of inspiration and of the tendency to associate it with religious fanaticism, cf. Davenant, 'Preface to Gondibert' (Spingarn, ii. 25):

'Yet to such painfull poets some upbraid the want of extemporary fury, or rather inspiration, a dangerous word which many have of late successfully us'd; and inspiration is a spiritual fitt. . . .'

Cf. also Hobbes, 'Answer to Davenant' (Spingarn, ii. 59):

'. . . a foolish custome, by which a man, enabled to speak wisely from the principles of nature and his own meditation, loves rather to be thought to speak by inspiration, like a Bagpipe.'

Two books which greatly influenced the contemporary attitude to 'Enthusiasm' were Casaubon's Treatise concerning Enthusiasme, as it is an Effect of Nature: but is mistaken by many for either Divine Inspiration, or Diabolical Possession(1665), and Henry More's Enthusiasmus Triumphatus (1656). See George Williamson, 'The Restoration Revolt against Enthusiasm', S.P. xxx. 571 ff.

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