Asclepius
Note from The Dialogue Of Apollodorus by Plato

The belief that health consists in the maintenance of the proper proportion between the opposite constituents of the body is a common-place of ancient medicine which can be traced back to Alcmaeon of Croton, a disciple of Pythagoras, and which survived into medieval times in the form of the doctrine of the four humours. When Eryximachus speaks of Asclepius as `our forefather' he is speaking as a member of one of the medical guilds which took the name of `sons of Asclepius' from the name of the patron-god of medicine.

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