Less and Fewer

The following is taken from Good and Bad English by Whitten and Whitaker:

Less appertains to degree, quantity or extent; fewer to number. Thus, less outlay, fewer expenses; less help, fewer helpers; less milk, fewer eggs.

But although few applies to number do not join it to the word itself: a fewer number is incorrect; say a smaller number.

Less takes a singular noun, fewer a plural noun; thus; less opportunity, fewer opportunities.

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