Two Kinds Of Understanding
Essentially there are two kinds of human understanding depending upon the initial basis of the understanding. An individual can either be selfish or unselfish as taught by the early experiences of infancy. For this will determine if they can master their instincts to gain a clear understanding — be sane; or permanently be the servant of their emotions and be restrained only by convenience — be insane. Hence:
|Two Kinds Of Understanding|
|Unselfish (Sane)||Selfish (Insane)|
|Others are more important than self||Nothing is more important than self|
|Self-Restraint Inspired by the needs of others for their dignity, peace, property, and lives.||Self-Restraint Enforced only by convenience — the reaction of others.|
|Truth Essential for self-restraint to recognise when it is needed. This imposes a constraint on the impact of fear and fancy upon observation, and enforces a sober view of events.||Truth Irrelevant convenience dictates all restraints, and without this private sense of restraint observations become readily distorted by the influence of fear and fancy.|
|Clear Right And Wrong While the individual may fail to always do right, the result will be private feelings of guilt and shame; a knowledge of doing wrong.||No Right And Wrong just good and bad results for self. Shame and guilt only exist in the pleas of individuals discovered in crime.|
|Competent Armed with truth, inspired by duty, and powered by resolve realises pursuit of achievements regardless of private sacrifice.||Incompetent Indifference to truth, irresolute and uninspired, prevents any worthwhile achievement except in boasts or excuses.|
Only an unselfish (sane) understanding is valuable because it is the only sort that allows the accumulation of wisdom and wealth.
An ability to apply reason makes an individual powerful but it is an arduous tool to employ, and carries the constant risk of misjudgment. So to simplify the use of human reason and maximize its benefits people adopt habits —they thoughtlessly repeat behaviour that produced the best result. Such repetition is an expression of wisdom, which in communities becomes its manners, customs, language and laws.
Learning from the experience of previous generations gives humans a huge advantage over other creatures. Our offspring can discover a mass of knowledge through simple instruction, which supplies the lessons learnt by the hard won experience of all previous generations. This is not just about the arts and sciences, but also about themselves. The basic morality that supplies understanding will have been extended and applied over the centuries to create a huge pool of wisdom, which will be reflected in an increasingly refined code of living.
The Application Of Wisdom
By applying such wisdom the community becomes more ordered and stronger, which makes it easier and safer for the child to attain maturity and become a useful citizen, which in turn allows a community to gain the greatest benefit from its progeny. (Indeed, this is the way a community propagates itself.)
While wisdom can be accumulated it can also be lost. Inevitably how a child utilises the knowledge supplied by its education must be a function of its nature. If the child is unselfish and reveres its parents, it will heed its lessons, attempt to become a useful citizen and hopefully add its small achievements to the assets of the community. But if the child is selfish, then this knowledge will merely become instruction in the best way to obtain private profit. And such a person will never be a useful citizen as their efforts can only confuse and impoverish others. So whether the pool of communal wisdom a generation inherits will be increased or decreased depends upon that generation's nature. For example:
|Impact On The Community Of The Institution Of Marriage|
|Order and Energy (Circa 1800)||Disorder and Apathy (Circa 2000)|
|Impact Of The Nature Of Public Understanding On The Community|
|Ordered||Development Of Manners, Customs, And Laws: A fixed set of values allows us to learn from experiences and so establish and regularly enhance a code of living for the benefit of all.||Chaotic||Destruction Of Manners, Customs, And Laws: Convenience determines what is good , just or true, and this varies depending upon who, where and when, which prevents the adoption of any clear fixed code, and undermines any existing such codes, to the detriment of all.|
|Powerful||Competent, Resolute and Sure allows the community to recognise and overcome its problems.||Impotent||Incompetent, Irresolute and Deluded Prevents the community from recognising or resolving its problems.|