Originally slaves from the Caucasus, who became the bodyguard of the Sultan in Egypt, and in time gained the supreme power there. They were defeated by Napoleon in 1798, and finally annihilated (1811) by Mehemet Ali, who became Viceroy of Egypt under the Sultan of Turkey.

Note by A.J.Grieve (MA), from The Situation of France in Part One of Reflections On The Revolution In France
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