Cardinal (1585-1642): minister of Louis XIII. and a great statesman, who strove

1. to ruin the Protestants as a political power;

2. to curtail the power of the nobles;

3. to humiliate Austria in the councils of Europe.

He had a great genius for detailed administration and effected many reforms in finance, legislation, and the army. He founded the French Academy.

Note by A.J.Grieve (MA), from The Achievement of France in Part One of Reflections On The Revolution In France
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